Body System for Singing #2 唱歌時所需的身體結構


Body System for Singing #2

唱歌時所需的身體結構

Resonance System

Resonance is a back and forth relationship between sound waves and the space in which they travel. These sounds are resonated by the movements and configuration of the tongue, soft palate, lips, jaw, throat. The sound resonance system is responsible for expressing all vowels and consonants. The vocal cord resonance system depends on the configuration of the channel. Some parts of the sound wave are boosted and passed to the listener, while others are eliminated before leaving the body. When certain sound waves are boosted and eliminated, the listener can perceive the tone or tone. For example, when many high harmonics are boosted, we perceive brighter voice, and when the lower harmonics are raised, we perceive darker voice.

Over All Body Alignment

The way the body is aligned from head to toe can affect how the three main systems operate during the vocalization process. Therefore, understanding and practice are very important, and they can make breathing, Sound-making and resonance systems work together in an optimal way. "Alignment" means reflecting a neutral state, and one can flexibly and freely enter other postures and movements. An example of one that may have a negative impact on alignment is hunching at the shoulders, which causes the lungs to close and cause a decrease in lung capacity, reducing the amount of air the singer can use. But it can over-activate the muscles that hold the throat, which can affect the way the vocal cords vibrate. This muscle activation changes the position of the throat and then directly changes the space in which the sound travels, that is, it changes the resonance system.

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共鳴系統

共鳴是聲波與它們行進的空間之間的來回關係。這些聲音共鳴受到舌頭、軟齶、嘴唇、下顎,喉嚨的運動和構型的影響。聲音共鳴系統負責表達所有元音和輔音,聲帶共鳴系統取決於聲道的配置,聲波的某些部分被提升,傳遞給聽眾,而其他部分會在離開身體之前被消除。當某些聲波得到提升和消除時,聽眾便能感知音調或音色。例如,當許多高次聲波被提升時,我們通常能感覺到更明亮的聲音,並且當低次諧波被提升時,我們感覺到更暗淡的聲音。

全身協調

身體從頭到腳對齊的方式,可以影響以上三個主要系統在發聲過程中的運作方式。因此,了解和實踐是非常重要的,它能使呼吸、發聲和共鳴系統以最佳方式互相配合。"協調"所意味的是反映一個中立狀態,一個人可以靈活自由地進入其他姿勢和動作等。而其中一個可能會對發聲產生負面影響的例子就是肩膀過度用力,會令肺部閉合和導致肺活量減少,使歌手可以使用的空氣減少。但它可以過度激活容納喉嚨的肌肉,這可能會影響聲帶振動的方式。這種肌肉激活可以改變喉部位置,然後直接改變聲音傳播的空間,也就是說,它能改變共鳴系統。

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